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About Antalya | Districts of Antalya | History of Antalya | Information Antalya

About Antalya | Districts of Antalya | History of Antalya | Information  Antalya

About Antalya

General information about Antalya

Antalya Area: 20.909 km2 in Antalya province, 116 people per square kilometer. The population density of Antalya is 116 / km2.

Antalya Population 2019: Antalya 2019 population, according to the estimated data 2.481.500.

This population data is estimated based on population growth rates in the previous years. Antalya 2019 official population information will be announced at the beginning of 2020.

Geographical Location of Antalya

Antalya province, south of Turkey, is a tourist center in the center of the Mediterranean coast. North; East of Burdur, Isparta, Konya; West of Karaman, Mersin; There are provinces of Mugla. The south is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. The length of the Turkish Riviera Antalya coast reaches up to 630 km.

Districts of Antalya

Alanya, Demre, Döşemealtı, Elmalı, Finike, Gazipaşa, Gündoğmuş, İbradı, Kaş, Kemer, Kepez, Konyaaltı, Korkuteli, Kumluca, Manavgat, Muratpaşa, Serik,

Climate information of Antalya

The climate of Antalya province generally enters the Mediterranean climate. The climate type, which is expressed as hot and dry in summers and warm and rainy in winter, is classified as moderate and warm sea climate, whereas cold and semi-land climate is seen in the inner parts. The average temperature in summer is between 30-34 degrees. In January, the average temperature varies between 9-15 degrees. There are almost no meteorological events in the city such as snowfall and frost. The average annual relative humidity in the province is around 64%. In the coastal area of ​​Antalya, summers are both long and hot. Even winters are cool in warmth. Never seen in summer, it rains in December, January and very rarely in the first and autumn months. It is closed and rainy only 40-50 days of the year. Antalya is one of the rare regions open to tourism activities for 12 months of the year with an average of 300 sunny days per year and an average annual temperature of 18.7 degrees. At least nine months of the year can be swim in the sea. The vegetation is composed of short and green seasons called maki brought by the Mediterranean climate.

History of Antalya

Antalya, which means At Attalos Dormitory,, was built in II. It was founded by Attalos. After the end of the Pergamon Kingdom (133 BC), the city remained independent for a while and later came into the hands of pirates. B.C. In 77 by Commander Servilius Isauricus was added to the Roman territory. B.C. In 67, it became a base for Pompeius' navy. A.D. Hadrian's visit to Attaleia in 130, the city has developed. Attaleia, which was seen as the center of bishopric during Byzantine rule, showed great development after it was taken over by the Turks. Since the modern city is built on the ancient settlement, there are very few ancient ruins in Antalya. The first of the ruins that can be seen is a part of the harbor breakwater, which is known as the old harbor, and the wall surrounding the harbor. Hadrian's Gate, which was restored on the outside of the park, is one of the most beautiful antiquities of Antalya.

The city of Antalya and its environs were called Pamphylia, which means verimli very productive, in ancient times and the western part was called Lycia. VIII. migrants from the west coast of the Aegean Sea since the 19th century; They established cities such as Aspendos and Side. II. King of Pergamum reigned in the mid-19th century. Attalos besieged Side. Approximately 75 km from Antalya. to the east of the king can not take the king, came to where the current provincial center has established a city. It was called Attaleia by its name. In time, there were those who called Atalia, Adalya. Antalya comes from its name.

Archaeological excavations in Antalya and the region, 40 thousand years ago, it was proved that people lived. The region since 2000 BC; Hittite, Pamphylia, Lycia, Cilicia and the city-states such as Persia, Alexander the Great and his successor Antigonos, Ptolemais, Seleucus, Pergamum was under the administration of the Kingdom. Later, the Roman State reigned. The ancient name of Antalya was Pamphylia, and the cities established here were especially II. and III. Century lived its golden age. In the 5th century, it lost its former glory.

The area was under the Eastern Roman or Byzantine domination of the name recognized in Turkey, he joined in 1207 by the Seljuk Turkish territory. During the reign of the Anatolian Principalities, it was under the rule of Hamitoğulları, a branch of the Teke tribe. Teke Turkmens are one of the largest in terms of population in Turkmenistan, the old homeland of Turks. XI. century, some of them came here. Today, Lake District, which is a part of Isparta and Burdur in the north of Antalya, is also called Teke. During the Ottomans, the center of the Teke banner of the Anatolian province was the current center of Antalya. In those years it was called Teke banner. The current name of the province is in fact a slightly changed form of its name in antiquity and was given during the Republican period.

XVII. The famous Ottoman traveler Evliya Celebi, who came to Antalya in the second half of the 16th century, states that there are four quarters and three thousand houses in the castle and 24 quarters outside the castle. The city's bazaar was outside the castle. According to Evliya Çelebi, the port is large enough to accommodate 200 ships. Antalya, which was the center of the Teke Sanjak, connected to Konya in terms of administration, was made an independent sanjak in the last years of the Ottoman Empire.

Antalya Kaleici

Kaleiçi: Most of it was destroyed. It is surrounded by internal and external walls in the form of horseshoes. Walls, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods are common work. The walls have 80 signs. There are about 3,000 houses with tiled roofs inside the walls. The characteristic structures of the houses not only give an idea about the architectural history of Antalya, but also reflect the lifestyle, traditions and customs in the region in the best way. In 1972, the inner harbor of Antalya and the Kaleiçi district were protected by the "High Council of Real Estate Antiquities and Monuments" as "SIT area" due to its original texture. The Golden Apple Tourism Oscar Award was given to the Ministry of Tourism by FİJET (International Association of Tourism Writers) on April 28, 1984 for the restoration work of "Antalya-Kaleiçi Complex". Today, Kaleici has become an entertainment center with hotels, pensions, restaurants and bars.

Old Antalya Houses

In Antalya, where the summers are very hot and the winters are mild, the importance of preventing the sun and providing coolness has been given more importance in the construction of old houses. Shaded stony and courtyards are features that facilitate air flow. It is built on three floors with its entrance which serves as a warehouse and hall.

Antalya Yivli Minare

It is the first Turkish structure of Antalya. In the center is near the harbor. According to the inscription, it was built during the reign of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat (1219-1236). Brick body with knitted. It consists of eight half-cylinders. If there is a mosque adjacent to this minaret, it must have been demolished. Because the mosque next to the minaret later period, 1372 belongs to. It was built during the time of Hamitoğulları, a Turkish Principality, by an architect named Tavaşi Balaban.

Antalya Ulu Cami

(Ulu Mosque): Also known as Kesik Minaret. It was originally built in the 5th century as a basilica. Very few parts of the first work survived and undergone changes in the Byzantine period. The work was repaired during the Ottomans, some of them were used as Mevlevihane and then opened as a mosque.

Antalya Karatay Medrese

Karatay Madrasa It is one of the important Turkish Islamic buildings in the city center. century was built.

Antalya Evdir Han

Until the beginning of the 20th century, transportation was provided by horses and camels, and trade goods were transported with these animals.The caravans were mansions on the roads, “Khan” and caravanserais. Evdir Han is one of them. It is on the road from Antalya to the north. 1 km of today's Antalya-Korkuteli road. east and 18 km from the city center. Away. The most striking part is the portal with pointed arches. XIII. century is a work of Seljuks.

Antalya Kırkgöz Han

The second stop on the Antalya - Afyon old road is Kırkgöz Han. Kırkgöz Han 30 km from Antalya. away from Kırkgöz, Pınarbaşı location. It is in a very solid state.

Antalya Düden Waterfalls

Approximately 10 km. This waterfall in the northeast is one of the natural beauties that symbolize the city. Poured from a height of 20 meters. Its main source is Kırkgöz. Lower Düden Waterfall is on the way to Lara Beach. To the southeast of the city center, 40 meters high cliffs pour into the sea. It is one of the iconic natural beauties of Antalya.

Antalya Kursunlu Waterfall

7 km after entering the Isparta road from the turnoff at the 24th km of Alanya road to the east of the city center. then reachable. This natural wonder is one of the most visited places. The waterfall is like coming out of a fairy tale land. It is in a lush deep valley. The whole area can be visited in about a half-hour walk. There are many fish living in the waters where ponds occur. It also attracts attention with its rich fauna. Düden, Kurşunlu and Manavgat Waterfalls have been used as places in many Turkish films. All are easily reached by bus.

Lara - Konyaalti Beach

It is located 10 km. Lara Beach to the east of Antalya and Konyaalti Beach on the west coast of Antalya center are the most beautiful shores of the city.

Antalya Perge

18 km east of Antalya, near Aksu District. Cilicia - Pisidia is located on the trade road is an important city of Pamphylia. Its establishment coincided with other Pamphylia cities (VII century BC). Perge was an important city for Christians. St. Paulos and Barnabas came to Perge. Some rich people like Magna Plancia have brought important monuments here. The first excavations were initiated in 1946 by Istanbul University. Theater, Stadium, Colonnaded Street, Agora city remains were found.

Antalya Karain Cave

It is 27 km. The remains of Karain Cave within the borders of Yağcılar belong to Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age.

(This cave is a must see.)

Antalya Ariassos

Antalya-Burdur highway at the 48th kilometer, 1 km from a left turn. It is included. It was founded on the slope of a mountain and is worth seeing in terms of baths and rock tombs. At the beginning of the valley that entered the city of Ariassos, the entrance gate, which is the most magnificent ruin of the city, rises. This monument, which dates back to the Roman era, is known as “Three Doors yöre by the locals since it has 3 arches and thus 3 entrances. A surprising feature of the city is that three-quarters are the remains of the necropolis, which are spectacularly spectacular monumental tombs.

İn Antalya Lifestyle

In and around Antalya, two lifestyles have been inherited for centuries. When the Turks first came here, they immediately followed the established order; villages, towns and cities. A part of the population continued the life of the interviewer as before the Turks came to Anatolia. According to this lifestyle, which is semi-resident, there are at least 15-20 families and sometimes hundreds of families; they used to live in tents, go up to the mountains in summer, and descend into warm plains called winter for winter. They used to raise animals such as camels and sheep, making their living by exchanging or selling the products produced by the inhabitants. They produce meat, milk, fat, hair tents and weave natural root dyed rugs. In the barracks there would be people who planted cereals and vegetables in tight spaces. There were even large groups of judges (tribes, tribesmen) who raised horses for the Ottoman army.

Turkish rugs that decorate the most important museums of Europe today are the eye-hand of these people. A great part of the contemporary folk music culture is inherited from the judges. The greatest poets of Turkish folk poetry and music such as Karacaoğlan and Dadaloğlu are the representatives of this culture. Anciently a settled life continued also in the villages in the rural areas themselves, "local villagers" he described with phrases like, you go to a village that settled en masse nomads "This is the nomad village to say," you can hear such descriptions in almost every part of Turkey. However, although people emphasize this difference in life in this way, they all have the same roots and are Turkish. They do not look at each other differently and see it as a wealth.

Today, Turkey is providing the best adaptation to contemporary modern life, technology is one of the countries that use in the best way. But there are a few small groups of judges who have both nostalgic and cultural value and have been living for thousands of years. Their number does not exceed a few hundred people. Sadly, only the camels remained from that lifestyle. If your path falls, you will see camels carrying bells and gingham tourists in the summer months in Belek, Manavgat and Alanya. These camels are memories of those days. You will also see Yörük tents that serve local and foreign tourists in Kemer and Antalya Kumluca. In these tents, which look like a museum, you can eat yoghurt and buttermilk and pancake. When the local people of Antalya find the opportunity even today, they go to the highlands such as Gömbe, Sütleğen and Alanya. This tradition is a remembrance of ancestors. In some districts such as Alanya, you can see that the snow stored in the wells in the Taurus Mountains in winter was brought down to the district center in August and brought into sherbet and sold by the peddlers. This is just one of the old traditions of the nomad.

Antalya Transportation

Transportation is provided by road, air and sea. Antalya Airport is open to international air traffic.


There are many touristic places in and around Antalya. Tourism in Antalya is carried out in many different areas.

Cultural Tourism of Antalya

Cultural tourism is the name given to the visitors to see and taste the historical and the values ​​of a nation where they go.

Museums and historical sites

Antalya Museum

Statue of Adriano from Antalya Museum The statue of Adriano from the Antalya Museum was opened by Fikri Erten, the first museum opened in Antalya in 1922, in the warehouse of Aleaddin Mosque. This museum was moved to the Yivli Minaret Complex in 1937. The museum, which has been operating here for 35 years, was moved to its current location on Konyaaltı Street in 1972. The museum, which has many works that shed light on the history of Antalya, was awarded the Council of Europe Special Prize in 1988.

Antalya City Museum

It was founded in 2007 to investigate the contemporary history and urban culture of Antalya. Currently, the project is under preparation for the Antalya Metropolitan Municipality. Every weekend he organizes City-Museum-History interviews.

Suna-Inan Kirac Museum of Kaleici

A ruined building, which was purchased by Suna and İnan Kıraç in 1993, was repaired within two years and designed as an ethnographic museum with works of Turkish folk culture.

Ataturk House Museum

It is the two houses where Mustafa Kemal Atatürk stayed for a week when he came to Antalya on March 6, 1930. It was organized in 1980 and opened to visitors as Atatürk Museum. Downstairs is the museum directorate and the meeting room used by Atatürk during his stay; On the upper floor, there are Atatürk's bedroom rest room and rooms where clothes are exhibited. There is also a hall in the museum where banknotes and stamps have been used from past to present. The portraits of Atatürk and the newspapers of the period when Atatürk came to Antalya can be seen on the walls of the museum.

Antalya Perge

Perge is an ancient city located within the borders of Aksu district, 18 km east of Antalya. In the 12th century BC there was a great Greek migration from northern Anatolia to the southern coast. These settlers settled to the east of the modern city of Antalya, and this region was called "Pamphylia" which means "Land of Races" in Greek. Perge is also an important city of Pamphylia because it is located on the trade route of Cilicia and Pisidia. It was established inland for protection from pirate attacks which were common in that period. The establishment of the city coincided with the other Pamphylia cities (7th century BC).

Antalya Termessos

Termessos is located on a plateau at an altitude of 1050 meters on the west side of the Gulluk Mountain, a Natural Park 34 km from Antalya. Termessos is one of Turkey's most important ancient city. With a theater of 4200 people and hundreds of remains spread over a very large area.

Antalya Ariassos

Ariassos is located on the Antalya - Burdur highway before the Dağbeli turnoff. The city is a Psidia city which was founded on the slope of the Western Taurus Mountains at an altitude of 960 meters. baths, rock tombs.

Smaller Historical Places of Antalya

Antalya Selçuklu Shipyard

The shipyard was built in 1228 and 56,5 m. length, 44 m. depth and 5 eyes. The shipyard was strengthened with a two-storey, two-room tower to prevent any danger from the south.

Antalya Kırkgöz Han

It is located 31 km northwest of Antalya in the territory of Dosemealti Municipality. It was founded in 1247 by Seljuk Sultan Gıyasettin Keyhüsrev II. Built on the foot of a mountain, there are many rooms around the sofa in the middle of the inn and a well in the center, and many rooms of the inn are still standing. Currently, the surrounding area is used as a recreation area by the public. In addition, the underground waters of the Kırkgöz Han emerge under the mountain.

Antalya Evdir Han

Located 18 km north-west of Antalya on the Antalya-Korkuteli highway in the Yukarikaraman location, the inn was built in 1219 by the Seljuk Sultan Izzettin Keykavus.

Coastal and yacht tourism

In addition to tourism activities on a coastline, it is called a whole range of activities such as sea sports, underwater diving activities.

Antalya Konyaalti coast

Konyaaltı is a district located at the western end of Antalya and the town with the same name beach. It is adjacent to Kepez by Çakırlar Road and Muratpaşa by Dumlupınar Boulevard.It is stated that the region, which is called Konyaaltı today, was called as Koy Koyaltı biçiminde as Antalya was located on the cliffs until the end of the 20th century and that it became Konyaaltı in time.Konyaalti is located within the Lycian borders according to the settlement map of Anatolian Civilizations. Lycia is the border with Pamphilya. B.C. The name of the Lycian civilization, which dates back to 30 years ago, is located in the Konyaaltı region and its name is Olbia.Lara Beach: It is 12 km east of Antalya. The sand is very thin and covered with pine forests. There are public beaches, dressing cabins and food and drink.

Antalya Karpuz Kaldıran Beach 

It is located to the west of Lara Beach where Düden Waterfall spills into the sea. The beach used as a military recreation camp is very fine sand, the sea is shallow.

Antalya Adalar Beach

It is a rocky beach in Karaalioğlu Park. There are casinos and changing cabins where food and drink needs are met.

Antalya Marina

Antalya city center has a harbor for yacht tourism. This marina has a capacity of approximately 65 yachts.

Besides accommodation, electricity and PTT services, Food and Drink services are provided.

Antalya Winter tourism

Saklıkent is the most preferred place for winter tourism in Antalya.It is located 50 km northwest of Antalya. The highest point in Saklikent is 2250 meters. It is the summit of Bubi Mountain.Ski centers are between 2200-2400 meters. Saklıkent has 2 ski slopes and 2 teleskies depending on the difficulty level. There is also an observatory in Sakılkent where TUBITAK conducts astronomical research.

Antalya Other Touristic Places

With the development of tourism in Antalya, tourism branches have diversified. For example; golf tourism, nature walks, hunting tourism, conge tourism and many other similar activities can be done in Antalya.

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